Logical Framework in the Context of a Reproductive Health Project

By Anthony M. Wanjohi: Logical Framework is a planning, monitoring and evaluation tool. It describes in a matrix form the most important aspects of a project. The framework seeks to provide a way of checking how project’s activities are implemented in order to realize the objectives and the ultimate goal. Drawing a logical framework is an arduous task which requires mastery of project planning and management principles. For the purpose of learning, this article provides a sample logical framework in the context of a reproductive health project in Kenya.

Sample Logical Framework in the Context of a Reproductive Health Project

Vertical Hierarchy of Objectives Objectively Verifiable Indicators (OVI) Means of Verification (MOV) Assumptions

To improve reproductive health (RH) in Sambura Province



Maternal mortality rate decreased by 20% by 31 March 2001

Maternal morbidity rate reduced by 20% by 31 March 2001

IMR reduced by 15% by 31 March 2001

Cases of STD/HIV/ AIDS reduced by 12% by 31 March 2001

TFR reduced by 4% by 31 March 2001

Provincial Government Health Statistics



Summative Evaluation Report

High morbidity, mortality and fertility rates are due to lack of knowledge and/or access to quality services

Government and provincial government will endorse and support the programmes

Funding will be approved and available

Economic and political stability will prevail


The increased use of RH services in Samburu

By 31 March 2001:

v  Clinic attendance by women will increase by 30%

v  Men attending men’s clinics will increase by 15%

v  Adolescent clinic attendance will increase by 60%

v  Contraceptive prevalence rate will increase by 30%

v  60% of the rural population will report knowledge of and access to the CBD and/or mobile RH programme services.

Programme monthly reports


Clinic records for attendance, care given and stocks used

The relevant people will be interested to listen to the broadcasts and more fully utilize the clinics


Access to clinics and rural services will be much improved by the programme


The services offered are acceptable and appropriate to the needs of the population


1) 12 existing RH facilities upgraded and equipped, staffed and operational

2) Ante-natal, post-natal, family planning, STD/ HIV/AIDS, adolescent, men’s and MCH services established and operational at each clinic

3) 4 mobile clinic rural outreach services established and operational covering 80% of the province

4) CBD programme established in 4 areas

5) Monthly radio broadcasts organised for one year

6) End of programme evaluation report disseminated and revised continuation process established

12 clinics upgraded, staffed and equipped by 30 Sept 1998

36 staff fully trained in the specialist services to be offered by 30 Sept 1998

All specialist clinic services available in each centre by 1 Jan 1999

4 mobile clinics for rural areas functional by 1 Jan 1999


8 CBD workers trained, equipped and programme established by 30 Sept 1998

12 monthly radio programmes, discussed, prepared and broadcast by 30 Sept 1998

By 31 March 2001, monitoring reports analysed to compile a summative programme evaluation report. Report disseminated to relevant stakeholders end of March 2001.

Programme monthly reports

Accountant’s records

Trainer’s reports


October 1999 Mid-term review


Monthly report


Monthly report


Recorded broadcasts

Accountant’s records

Monthly reports, Mid-term review

Evaluation reports

Equipment and supplies will be consistently and logistically well organised

Trained staff will serve the programme well throughout its duration



ACTIVITIES:1.1        Secure funding and plans for RH facilities, appoint contractors

1.2        Ensure facilities upgraded to specifications

1.3        Order supplies and equipment for clinics

1.4        Arrange specialist refresher training for existing staff

1.5        Appoint new, qualified and experienced staff for programmes

2.1        Check that all services are provided and fully operational

2.2        Ensure radio broadcasts advertise these services

3.1        Arrange mobile outreach services with communities and staff

4.1        Recruit and train CBD workers

4.2        Prepare and implement CBD programme

5.1        Prepare and organize monthly RH radio broadcast for one year

6.1        Set up formative and monitoring processes. Monthly reporting systems for each programme

6.2        Conduct overall evaluation, prepare report


Clinic upgrading rehabilitation programme (including staff salaries and training costs)



Mobile outreach services programme



CBD programme $30,353


Radio broadcasts, airtime $4,200


Monitoring / Evaluation $5,000


TOTAL: $728, 353


N.B. These costs are only approximate


Accountant’s records

The sample logical framework is meant to provide insights when one is involved in drawing a logical framework for any project. While this sample may provide a roadmap to drawing a typical logical framework, key project planning and management concepts should be understood.

For more guidance on drawing a logical framework, kindly contact us or call 0725 788 400