Data Coding and Analysis

a) Data coding

We assist our customers in entering the data into the Computer: Data from questionnaires is coded and logged in the computer using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). This involves coding both open and closed ended items in order to run simple descriptive or inferential analysis to get reports on data status. The transcribed data is also keyed in the computer.

b) Data analysis

Quantitative Analysis involves checking the data for accuracy. After receiving data from the field, WE screen it for accuracy so as to ensure no major errors. In screening, KENPRO research team seeks to establish whether: the data is legible, the major items have been answered, the responses are complete.

Quantitative analysis: Data from the interview guide (if recorded) is analyzed qualitatively. It involves the process of transcribing. The data is first transcribed into written form for closer investigation. Although transcribing appears to be a straightforward technical task, it involves judgments about what level of detail to choose, Thus it our team to be keen and in a quiet environment. After transcribing the recorded data, the team reads through to remove ambiguity and repeated items (to make sense), organizes into themes and patterns following the major research questions or objectives. Read more

Quantitative Analysis: Quantitative data analysis on the other hand involves both descriptive and inferential analysis (where applicable). Descriptive analysis such as frequencies and percentages, means and standard deviation are used to present quantitative data in form of tables and graphs. This is done in order to describe what the data shows. Inferential Analysis is used to test the hypothesis. This involves t-tests and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) among other inferential analysis, which depend on the research design. Read more

We charge according to the number of items, instruments (questionnaires, interview guides, document analysis, focus group) and the length of each instrument. The charges may also depend on the timeframe. The shorter the timeframe, the higher the charges.

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