Journal Publication Process: Format and Criteria

By Anthony M. Wanjohi:

The following constitute the general format and criteria used in most of the scholarly journals to help authors to prepare and submit their research or review paper(s) for publication consideration:


Abstract: should be between 100 and 250 words + keywords,

The Body: Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussion, Conclusions

Length: In general, journals accept manuscript of particular length. For instance between 2,500 – 3,500 words in length (5-7).

Language: The article should be in language provided for by the Journal.

Referencing and other styles: For instance, APA, Harvard, MLA styles; font type, font size, spacing are some of the requirements.


Contact information:  an email address is provided to contact the journal; Once the manuscript is sent, acknowledgement is provided by the corresponding editor.

First reading:  the journal in-house reviews to determine if the manuscript fits the journal demands (content and quality of work),

Referees: The editor sends the manuscript to two (2) referees. These are selected on the basis of the manuscript’s subject matter and the needs of the journal,

Feedback from the referees: Referees advise the editor whether the manuscript is suitable for publication, with major or minor revisions, or unsuitable for publication. The internal in-house team may also provide the feedback;

Revisions: the editor sends back the recommended revisions.

Copyediting: The revised manuscript is copyedited by the editorial team (Copyediting is intended to remove spelling, syntax, or grammatical errors and make the manuscript conform to the print requirements of the journal.

Publication:  After copyediting, the work is ready for publishing. Each journal has its own publication timeline depending on the frequency of publication.

Charges: Respective Journals (open access) charge a small article publishing fee to meet the the journals’ running costs. This may range between 100 – 350 US Dollars.


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